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Health Inequities

HEALTH INEQUITIES are health differences that are:

  • Systemic, meaning that health differences are patterned, where health generally improves as socioeconomic status improves;
  • Socially produced, and therefore could be avoided by ensuring that all people have the social and economic conditions that are needed for good health and well-being; and
  • Unfair and/or unjust because opportunities for health and well-being are limited.


  • 76% of low-income survey participants in Guelph-Wellington indicated they cannot afford regular oral health care
  • 17-20% of repeat visits to Guelph General Hospital emergency department within 30 days are for mental health, and 23-34% are for substance use issues
  • An estimated 1 in 3 Ontario workers don’t have health benefits